Review the literature for sleep guidelines and provide an overview
Explain how neuro activity changes when there is a lack of sleep and how it can impact mental health
Describe the hypnotics effect on brain activity and identify common pharmacologic agents
Provide a proper sleep management plan and how the APRN can monitor it
See Online Class Activities Rubric for Discussion board postings
APA format, reference within the past 5 years
Sleep is essential for maintaining overall health and well-being. Adequate sleep is associated with improved cognitive function, emotional stability, and physical health. On the other hand, insufficient sleep has been linked to various health problems, including cardiovascular disease, obesity, diabetes, and depression. Therefore, it is essential to establish guidelines for sleep to promote good health and well-being. In this essay, we will review the literature on sleep guidelines, describe the changes in neuro activity during lack of sleep, discuss the hypnotics effect on brain activity, and provide a sleep management plan.
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) provides guidelines for sleep duration, recommending that adults should get between 7-9 hours of sleep per night. The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) also recommends that adults get between 7-9 hours of sleep per night. In addition, the NSF recommends that adults establish a consistent sleep schedule and avoid stimulating activities before bedtime, such as exercise or screen time.
Neuro Activity and Lack of Sleep
Lack of sleep can have a significant impact on mental health due to the changes in neuro activity. During sleep, the brain undergoes various activities, including the consolidation of memories, removal of waste products, and repair of damaged tissue. When there is a lack of sleep, the brain’s activity changes, and there is a decrease in cognitive function, emotional stability, and physical health. Inadequate sleep has been linked to increased activity in the amygdala, which is responsible for the processing of emotions, and decreased activity in the prefrontal cortex, which is responsible for executive functions, such as decision-making and problem-solving. These changes in neuro activity can lead to mood disorders, such as depression and anxiety.
Hypnotics Effect on Brain Activity
Hypnotics are pharmacologic agents that induce sleep. They act on the brain by increasing the activity of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), an inhibitory neurotransmitter that decreases brain activity. Common hypnotics include benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam and diazepam, and non-benzodiazepines, such as zolpidem and eszopiclone. These drugs can have side effects, such as dizziness, drowsiness, and impaired coordination. They can also be habit-forming, leading to dependence and withdrawal symptoms.
Sleep Management Plan
The APRN can play a crucial role in developing a sleep management plan for patients. This plan can include sleep hygiene practices, such as establishing a consistent sleep schedule, avoiding stimulating activities before bedtime, and creating a relaxing sleep environment. The APRN can also discuss pharmacologic interventions, such as hypnotics, with the patient, taking into consideration the potential side effects and the risk of dependence. The APRN can monitor the patient’s response to the sleep management plan and adjust it as needed to promote adequate sleep and overall health.
In conclusion, adequate sleep is essential for maintaining overall health and well-being. Sleep guidelines recommend that adults get between 7-9 hours of sleep per night. Lack of sleep can have a significant impact on mental health due to changes in neuro activity. Hypnotics are pharmacologic agents that induce sleep by increasing GABA activity. The APRN can play a crucial role in developing a sleep management plan for patients, including sleep hygiene practices and pharmacologic interventions.