As a new nurse, you have had clients with Myasthenia Gravis (MG) and are concerned about their level of understanding of the disease process. You have taken on the task of developing a teaching pamphlet to provide clear discharge instructions including information on the disease, support resources, medication teaching, and signs and symptoms of Myasthenic Crisis. You will include the following information in the pamphlet.
- Describe the disease process for MG.
- List (2) local community resources available that can provide support such as:
- Psychosocial needs such as support groups.
- Include medication administration instructions and the importance of timing of medication delivery.
- Include signs of symptoms of Myasthenic Crisis and when to notify health care provider.
Write at least one paragraph to address each criteria. Check assignment grading rubric for assignment.
Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an autoimmune neuromuscular disease that causes weakness in the voluntary muscles, which are responsible for movement. It occurs when the immune system produces antibodies that attack the receptors on the muscle cells, leading to reduced communication between the nerves and muscles. The disease affects people of all ages and genders, but it is more common in women under 40 and men over 60 years old.
The symptoms of MG can vary depending on the severity of the disease, but they often include weakness in the eye muscles, difficulty swallowing, and weakness in the limbs. Patients with MG may also experience fatigue, double vision, drooping eyelids, and difficulty breathing, which can be life-threatening in some cases.
There is currently no cure for MG, but the symptoms can be managed with medication and other therapies. Patients with MG should take their medications as prescribed and avoid triggers such as stress and illness, which can worsen their symptoms. In severe cases, patients may require hospitalization and the use of a ventilator to support their breathing.
In addition to medical treatment, patients with MG may benefit from local community resources that provide support such as nutrition, transportation, and psychosocial needs such as support groups. Two local resources that can provide support for patients with MG are the American Autoimmune Related Diseases Association (AARDA) and the Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America (MGFA).
The AARDA is a non-profit organization that provides information and support to patients with autoimmune diseases, including MG. They have a variety of resources available on their website, including information on nutrition and lifestyle changes that can help manage symptoms. They also offer support groups and educational events to help patients and their families cope with the challenges of living with a chronic illness.
The MGFA is another non-profit organization that provides support to patients with MG. They offer a variety of services, including support groups, educational materials, and a patient assistance program that provides financial assistance for medications and medical equipment. They also have a network of medical professionals who specialize in the treatment of MG and can provide guidance and support to patients and their families.
Patients with MG must follow medication administration instructions closely and understand the importance of timing of medication delivery. They should take their medication at the same time every day and not skip doses, as this can lead to worsening of symptoms. Patients should also understand the potential side effects of their medication and report any adverse effects to their healthcare provider.
Myasthenic crisis is a medical emergency that can occur in patients with MG. It is characterized by severe weakness in the muscles that control breathing, and it can be life-threatening if not treated promptly. Patients with MG should be aware of the signs and symptoms of myasthenic crisis, which include difficulty breathing, severe weakness, and slurred speech. If these symptoms occur, patients should contact their healthcare provider immediately or seek emergency medical attention.
In conclusion, providing clear discharge instructions including information on the disease, support resources, medication teaching, and signs and symptoms of Myasthenic Crisis can help patients with MG better understand their condition and manage their symptoms. Healthcare providers should work closely with patients and their families to ensure that they have the resources and support they need to manage this chronic illness effectively. By providing comprehensive education and support, patients with MG can lead fulfilling and healthy lives despite the challenges of living with this disease.