Factors that Predispose Eskimos

  1. List factors that predispose Eskimos to risk as a result of the consumption of large quantities of sugar.
  2. Analyze different strategies useful in communicating with the Japanese American family.
  3. When caring for a Russian American client, for the most part, at what distance would a Russian patient feel at most ease?

Submission Instructions:

Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted, and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources

factors that predispose Eskimos

A. Factors Predisposing Eskimos to Risk Due to Consumption of Large Quantities of Sugar

Eskimos, also known as Inuit people, traditionally have a diet high in protein and fat with minimal carbohydrate intake, primarily from sources such as fish, seal, whale, and other marine animals. However, the introduction of Western dietary habits, including the consumption of large quantities of sugar, poses several health risks:

  1. Increased Risk of Diabetes: Traditional Inuit diets are low in carbohydrates, which has historically led to lower incidences of diabetes. The sudden introduction of high-sugar foods can lead to insulin resistance and an increased prevalence of Type 2 diabetes among Inuit populations (Young et al., 2020).
  2. Obesity: The shift from a diet rich in protein and fat to one high in sugars and refined carbohydrates can contribute to obesity. Obesity is a significant risk factor for various chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease and certain cancers (Sheehy et al., 2014).
  3. Dental Health Issues: High sugar intake is directly correlated with dental caries and other oral health problems. The lack of adequate dental care in remote areas exacerbates this issue, leading to higher rates of tooth decay and gum disease among Inuit populations (Schroth et al., 2011).
  4. Cardiovascular Diseases: High sugar consumption is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. The traditional Inuit diet, rich in omega-3 fatty acids from fish, provided a protective effect against heart disease. The introduction of sugar can negate these benefits, leading to higher incidences of hypertension and heart-related ailments (Bjerregaard et al., 2014).

B. Strategies for Communicating with the Japanese American Family

Effective communication with Japanese American families requires cultural sensitivity and awareness of their unique cultural values and communication styles. Here are some strategies:

  1. Respect and Politeness: Japanese culture highly values respect and politeness. It is essential to use respectful language and gestures. Address family members formally and avoid interrupting when they speak (Tanabe, 2015).
  2. Non-Verbal Communication: Pay attention to non-verbal cues such as body language, facial expressions, and tone of voice. Japanese individuals may be less expressive verbally but communicate a lot through non-verbal means (Ishikawa & Yamazaki, 2018).
  3. Building Trust: Establishing trust is crucial. Spend time building a rapport with the family, showing genuine interest in their well-being, and respecting their cultural practices and values (Sue & Sue, 2016).
  4. Family Involvement: Family is central in Japanese culture, and major decisions are often made collectively. Include family members in discussions and decision-making processes, and be patient with their need for consensus (Kobayashi, 2013).
  5. Use of Interpreters: If language barriers exist, use professional interpreters rather than family members to ensure accurate communication. This also helps in maintaining the family’s privacy and reducing misunderstandings (Yamamoto et al., 2017).

C. Preferred Distance for Russian American Clients

Russian Americans typically value personal space and may feel most comfortable with a social distance that is more significant than what might be customary in American culture. For the most part, a Russian patient would feel at ease with a distance of about 1.5 to 2 feet during interactions. This preference for personal space can be attributed to cultural norms where physical closeness is reserved for family and close friends (Nazarova, 2011).

Understanding and respecting these preferences can help healthcare providers create a more comfortable and trusting environment for their Russian American patients. It is essential to observe the patient’s body language and adjust the distance accordingly to ensure effective and respectful communication.


Bjerregaard, P., Berner, J., & Dyerberg, J. (2014). Health in Greenland: Lifestyle and diet in transition. Arctic Medical Research, 1(3), 15-20.

Ishikawa, H., & Yamazaki, Y. (2018). How applicable are Western models of patient-physician relationship in Asia? Changing patient-physician relationship in contemporary Japan. International Journal of Japanese Sociology, 27(1), 35-50.

Kobayashi, K. M. (2013). Japanese American families. In H. P. McAdoo (Ed.), Family ethnicity: Strength in diversity (pp. 153-165). SAGE Publications.

Nazarova, I. (2011). Cultural perceptions of health and illness in Russia and the United States. Social Work in Public Health, 26(5), 482-494.

Schroth, R. J., & Cheba, V. (2011). Determinants of oral health and the Inuit of Canada. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 70(2), 111-127.

Sheehy, T., Roache, C., Sharma, S., & Kolahdooz, F. (2014). Traditional dietary beliefs and practices among Inuit in the Canadian Arctic. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics, 27(3), 214-222.

Sue, D. W., & Sue, D. (2016). Counseling the Culturally Diverse: Theory and Practice (7th ed.). John Wiley & Sons.

Tanabe, S. (2015). Cultural differences in communication styles: Japanese vs. American. Journal of Intercultural Communication, (40).

Yamamoto, Y., Watanabe, K., & Hirakawa, H. (2017). Japanese patients’ perceptions of interpreters in healthcare. Journal of Health Communication, 22(4), 328-336.

Young, T. K., Reading, J., Elias, B., & O’Neil, J. D. (2020). Type 2 diabetes mellitus in Canada’s First Nations: Status of an epidemic in progress. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 163(5), 561-566.

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