Learning Theories to Consider

MSN 5550 Health Promotion: Prevention of Disease
Case Study Module 6
Instructions: Read the following case study and answer the reflective questions. Please provide
evidence-based rationales for your answers. APA, 7th ed. must be followed.
Due: Saturday by 23:59 pm
Albert Mitchell is a 36-year-old man who will be traveling to Dubai to give a business
presentation in 3 months. Although he has traveled widely in the United States as a consultant,
this is his first trip to the Middle East.
He requests information regarding immunizations needed before his trip. Albert states that as
he will be in Dubai for only a few days, he is unlikely to contract a disease in such a short time
and therefore believes that it is illogical to obtain immunizations.
Albert states that he has heard that the side effects of the immunizations might be worse than
the diseases they prevent. He is also concerned about leaving his wife at home alone because
she is 6 months pregnant.
Reflective Questions
How would you address Albert’s beliefs?
What learning would be needed in each domain?
What learning theories would you consider?
How might his family concerns be addressed?

learning theories to consider

Addressing Albert’s beliefs:

  1. Provide information on the risks of contracting diseases in Dubai: Educate Albert about the specific diseases prevalent in Dubai or the Middle East that he may be susceptible to without immunizations. Highlight the potential consequences of contracting these diseases, including the risk of spreading them to his pregnant wife upon his return.
  2. Discuss the benefits of immunizations: Explain to Albert the purpose of immunizations and how they work to prevent diseases. Provide evidence-based information on the safety and efficacy of vaccines, debunking myths about vaccine side effects. Emphasize that the benefits of immunizations outweigh the risks, especially considering his short trip duration.
  3. Address his concerns about leaving his pregnant wife: Acknowledge Albert’s concerns about leaving his pregnant wife alone and assure him that taking necessary precautions, such as getting vaccinated, can help minimize the risk of bringing infectious diseases back home.

Learning needed in each domain:

Cognitive domain: Albert needs to understand the factual information about the diseases prevalent in Dubai, the purpose of immunizations, and the safety and efficacy of vaccines.

Affective domain: Albert’s attitudes and beliefs towards immunizations need to be addressed. He may have misconceptions or fears about vaccines that need to be addressed through empathetic communication and providing accurate information.

Psychomotor domain: While not directly applicable in this scenario, Albert may need guidance on how to schedule and obtain vaccinations if he decides to proceed with them.

Learning theories to consider:

  1. Health Belief Model: This theory suggests that individuals are more likely to take preventive health actions if they perceive themselves to be susceptible to a health threat, understand the severity of the threat, believe that the recommended action will reduce the threat, and perceive fewer barriers to taking action.
  2. Social Learning Theory: Albert’s beliefs and attitudes towards immunizations may be influenced by observations of others or social norms. Providing him with positive examples of individuals who have successfully received vaccines without adverse effects may help alleviate his concerns.

Addressing family concerns:

  1. Provide reassurance: Offer Albert reassurance that taking preventive measures, such as getting vaccinated, can help protect both him and his family from potential health risks associated with his trip.
  2. Involve his wife in the decision-making process: Encourage Albert to discuss his travel plans and concerns with his wife. This can help address any anxieties she may have and allow her to express her preferences regarding his vaccination status before traveling.
  3. Offer resources and support: Provide Albert and his wife with resources such as reputable websites or healthcare professionals who can offer further information and support regarding travel health and vaccination decisions. Encourage open communication and collaboration between them in making informed choices for their family’s health and well-being.
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