Qualitative Research Methods in Nursing Practice

For this Assignment, explore the use of focus groups or interviews in qualitative research. Consider the effectiveness of the method and examine how this approach might lend itself to a mixed method of study.

  • Select a topic or issue in nursing practice to focus on for this Discussion.
  • Consider which type of qualitative research design, focus groups or interviews, might be most appropriate for the topic or issue in nursing practice and why. How will this type of qualitative research design support the aims of addressing the topic or issue for nursing practice?

The assignment (1 to 2 pages):

  • Describe the topic or issue in nursing practice that you selected and explain why.
  • Explain which qualitative research design approach that you selected to address this topic or issue and describe the method you chose. Be specific.
  • Justify why this qualitative research design approach would be best suited for this topic or issue and explain how this approach will better inform improvements for nursing practice for the topic or issue that you selected. Be specific and provide examples.
  • Explain why it is important for the DNP-prepared nurse to understand qualitative research approaches for nursing practice.


Qualitative Research Methods in Nursing Practice

Title: Qualitative Research Methods in Nursing Practice: Focus Groups vs. Interviews


Qualitative research plays a crucial role in understanding complex issues in nursing practice by exploring individuals’ experiences, perspectives, and opinions. Two commonly used qualitative research methods are focus groups and interviews. In this essay, we will discuss the selection of an appropriate qualitative research method for a specific nursing practice issue, examining the effectiveness of the chosen method and how it can be integrated into a mixed-method study.

Topic or Issue in Nursing Practice

The chosen topic for this discussion is “Patient Satisfaction and Quality of Care in a Hospital Setting.” This topic is of paramount importance in nursing practice as it directly impacts patient outcomes and healthcare organizations’ reputation and success. Understanding patient perspectives and experiences is essential for healthcare providers to identify areas of improvement and enhance the quality of care.

Qualitative Research Design Approach: Interviews

For the topic of “Patient Satisfaction and Quality of Care,” interviews are the preferred qualitative research method. Interviews involve one-on-one conversations with participants, allowing researchers to delve deeply into their experiences, feelings, and perceptions. This method is highly appropriate for understanding patients’ unique experiences, their satisfaction levels, and the factors influencing their perception of care.

Justification for Choosing Interviews

Interviews offer several advantages for studying this nursing practice issue. Firstly, they provide an opportunity for in-depth exploration, allowing participants to express their thoughts, emotions, and concerns openly. This method is well-suited for sensitive topics like healthcare experiences, where participants may have personal and potentially emotional stories to share.

Secondly, interviews allow for flexibility and adaptability in the research process. Researchers can adjust questions based on participants’ responses, enabling a more dynamic and personalized approach. This adaptability is crucial when exploring diverse aspects of patient satisfaction and quality of care.

Lastly, interviews facilitate the collection of rich and detailed data. By conducting interviews with a diverse sample of patients, researchers can gather a wide range of perspectives and insights. These insights can be analyzed to identify common themes and areas requiring improvement in nursing practice.

Integration with Mixed-Methods Approach

In a mixed-method study, interviews can be complemented with quantitative data, such as surveys or patient satisfaction scores, to provide a comprehensive understanding of the nursing practice issue. For instance, after conducting interviews to identify patient concerns and experiences, quantitative data can be used to measure and compare patient satisfaction levels across different dimensions.

Importance for DNP-Prepared Nurses

DNP-prepared nurses must understand qualitative research approaches for several reasons. Firstly, qualitative research methods like interviews are essential for gaining a deeper understanding of complex nursing practice issues, which can inform evidence-based practice and drive improvements in patient care.

Secondly, DNP-prepared nurses often play leadership roles in healthcare organizations and are responsible for implementing practice changes and quality improvement initiatives. Knowledge of qualitative research allows them to effectively collect and analyze data, identify areas for improvement, and develop strategies to enhance nursing practice and patient outcomes.


Qualitative research methods, such as interviews, are invaluable tools for exploring complex nursing practice issues like patient satisfaction and quality of care. By selecting the appropriate qualitative research design approach, DNP-prepared nurses can gain insights that lead to informed decision-making and practice improvements. The integration of qualitative research with quantitative data in a mixed-method study further enhances the comprehensiveness of the research findings, making it a valuable approach for addressing nursing practice issues. Understanding qualitative research approaches is essential for DNP-prepared nurses to excel in their roles as leaders and advocates for evidence-based nursing practice.

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